Preventive & Social Medicine and Yoga

Panchakarma is the unique contribution of Ayurveda, comprising of fivefold processes for purification of the body.
1. Vamana (Emesis)
2. Virechana (Purgation)
3. Asthapana Vasti (Medicated enema)
4. Anuvasana Vasti (Medicated enema)
5. Nasya (Nasal instillation)

  • Before these five main processes one has to pass through two pre- purificatory processes (Purva Karma).

1. Snehana (Oleation)
2. Svedana (Fomentation)

  • By Snehana and Svedana all the impurities adherent to body tissues become mobilized and come to gastro-intestinal tract, so that they can be evacuated easily by the main processes of Panchakarma.
  • Panchakarma is used for both preventive and curative purpose.

Preventive use of Panchakarma
. Daily regimen (Dinacharya)

  • Massage of the body
  • Oiling and massaging of head
  • Nasal instillation (Pratimarsha Nasya)
  • Oiling of ears

2. Seasonal regimen (Ritucharya)

  • Seasonal changes in the weather result in physiological changes in the body and aggravation of Doshas.
  • These aggravated Doshas should be expelled out by Panchakarma.
Ritu (Season) Doshas Aggravated Common Problems Panchakarma Advised
Vasanta (Spring) Kapha Nausea, loss of appetite etc. Vamana
Sharad (Autumn) Pitta Hyperacidity, burning sensation etc.
Virechana and
Varsha (Rainy) Vata Joint pain etc. Vasti

. Prerequisite for Rejuvenation (Rasayana)

  • Vamana, Virechana and Vasti are prerequisite for Rasayana.
  • Panchakarma cleanses the channels of the body for ensuring proper transportation and assimilation of Rasayana.
  • Panchakarma potentiate the action and efficacy of Rasayana.