Blood Bank
Facts about blood needs
1. Every two seconds someone in India needs blood
2. More than 50,000 blood donations are needed every day
3. One out of every 10 people admitted in a hospital needs blood
4. Commonest Blood group is B
5. Rarest Blood group is AB Negative
6. The blood type most often requested by hospitals is Type O
7. Type O- is the universal donor and can give red blood cells to any other blood type.
  Type AB+ is the universal recipient and can receive red blood cells from any other blood type.
  Type AB- is the universal plasma donor and can give plasma to any other blood type.
8. Thalassemis needs frequent blood transfusions
9. More than 1 million new people are diagnosed with cancer each year. Many of them will need blood, sometimes daily, during their chemotherapy treatment.
10. A single car accident victim can require as many as 10 units of blood.
Facts about eligibility
11. You must be at least 18 years old, weigh more than 40 kg, and be in good general health to donate.
12. A healthy donor can donate blood after 3months
13. A healthy donor may donate platelets as few as 3 days apart, but a maximum of 24 times a year
Facts about the blood supply
14. The demand for blood transfusions is growing faster than donations
15. Approximately 60% of the Indian population is eligible to give blood - only 1% does in a given year.
6. Blood cannot be manufactured - it can only come from generous donors
17. Shortages of all blood types usually occur during the summer holidays
18. In India >90% of blood donation comes from male donors.
19. Voluntary Blood donors are very few mostly replacement blood donation by family members.
Facts about the blood donation process
20. Donating blood is a safe process. A sterile needle is used only once for each donor and then discarded
21. Blood donation is a simple four-step process: registration and medical history, mini-physical, donation, and refreshments
22. Every blood donor is given a mini-physical, checking the donor's temperature, blood pressure, pulse and hematocrit level (red blood cells count) to ensure it is safe for him or her to give blood
23. The actual blood donation typically takes less than 10 minutes. The entire process, from the time you arrive to the time you leave, takes about an hour
24. The average adult has about 70 ml /kg Body Weight of blood in his body. Roughly 1/10 of the above is given during a donation
25. All donated blood is tested for HIV, Hepatitis B and C, syphilis and Malaria before it can be released to hospital patients
26. Information you give to the Blood Bank SS Hospital, Banaras Hindu University ,Varanasi during the donation process is strictly confidential. It may not be released without your permission except as directed by law.Facts about blood and its components
27. Whole blood can be processed into red cells, platelets, plasma, and cryoprecipitate.
One donation can help save the lives of up to 3 people
28. It is possible to donate specifically only platelets or plasma. This process is called apheresis
29. Most donated red blood cells must be used within 42 days of collection

Donated platelets must be used within 3days of collection - new donations are constantly needed