about blood needs
||Every two seconds someone in India needs
||More than 50,000 blood donations are needed
||One out of every 10 people
admitted in a hospital needs blood
||Commonest Blood group is B
|| Rarest Blood group is AB Negative
||The blood type most often requested by
hospitals is Type O
||Type O- is the universal donor and can
give red blood cells to any other blood type.
||Type AB+ is the universal recipient and
can receive red blood cells from any other blood type.
||Type AB- is the universal plasma
donor and can give plasma to any other blood type.
||Thalassemis needs frequent blood transfusions
||More than 1 million new people are diagnosed
with cancer each year. Many of them will need blood, sometimes daily,
during their chemotherapy treatment.
||A single car accident victim can require
as many as 10 units of blood.
Facts about eligibility
||You must be at least 18 years old, weigh
more than 40 kg, and be in good general health to donate.
||A healthy donor can donate blood after
||A healthy donor may donate platelets as
few as 3 days apart, but a maximum of 24 times a year
about the blood supply
||The demand for blood transfusions is growing
faster than donations
|| Approximately 60% of the Indian population
is eligible to give blood - only 1% does in a given year.
||Blood cannot be manufactured - it can
only come from generous donors
||Shortages of all blood types usually occur
during the summer holidays
||In India >90% of blood donation comes
from male donors.
||Voluntary Blood donors are very few mostly
replacement blood donation by family members.
about the blood donation process
||Donating blood is a safe process. A sterile
needle is used only once for each donor and then discarded
||Blood donation is a simple four-step process:
registration and medical history, mini-physical, donation, and refreshments
||Every blood donor is given a mini-physical,
checking the donor's temperature, blood pressure, pulse and hematocrit
level (red blood cells count) to ensure it is safe for him or her
to give blood
||The actual blood donation
typically takes less than 10 minutes. The entire process, from the
time you arrive to the time you leave, takes about an hour
||The average adult has about 70 ml /kg
Body Weight of blood in his body. Roughly 1/10 of the above is given
during a donation
|| All donated blood is tested for HIV,
Hepatitis B and C, syphilis and Malaria before it can be released
to hospital patients
||Information you give to the Blood Bank
SS Hospital, Banaras Hindu University ,Varanasi during the donation
process is strictly confidential. It may not be released without your
permission except as directed by law.Facts about blood and its components
||Whole blood can be processed into red
cells, platelets, plasma, and cryoprecipitate.
One donation can help save the lives of up to 3 people
||It is possible to donate specifically
only platelets or plasma. This process is called apheresis
||Most donated red blood cells must be used
within 42 days of collection
Donated platelets must be used within 3days of collection - new
donations are constantly needed