the UNIVERSITY CORPS was born, with the enrolment of Indian students. This
was possibly the first such endeavour for organising the Indian youth and kindle
among them, a spirit of hope and promise, towards achieving future freedom for
the nation. A product of the silent revolution initiated by the UNIVERSITY CORPS, was NETAJI SUBHAS CHANDRA BOSE, who joined the UC as a cadet in 1917-18, while he was a student of the Scottish Church College. It was this initiation in Military Training that probably helped him later to lead the Indian National Army in the National Freedom Struggle.
2. The enrolment of students from various colleges and universities was conducted by the British Army Medical Corps and the enrolled students were grouped into platoons of 50 cadets. The cadets were trained in Marching, Musketry, route-marches and field man oeuvres. The contribution of Indian Solders in the first world has been well recognized by the war historians.
3. The allied victory in the First World War, lead the British rulers to decide upon introducing the Indian Territorial Bill on the 22 Sep 1920, which was passed by the British Govt in India and thus came into existence the UNIVERSITY TRAINING CORPS (UTC), as second line force of the British Army. The UTC battalions were commanded by officers of the rank of Lt Col, taken from the teaching staff of colleges, while the units were commanded by Majors/Captains who were also teachers, Never the less, the Battalions had Adjutants (Captains) who were inducted from the regular Army.
4. In 1942, the UTC was remodeled on the lines of the "Officers Corps of the UNITED KINGDOM" into the UOTC in order to provide suitable officers for all the three services who could help in the expansion of the British war effort. By 1946, 18 UOTC units were raised throughout the undivided Indian states.
5. Immediately after India gained independence, at the stroke of midnight on 14/15 Aug 1947, India saw serious strife, and the participation of the country. The situation continued till 1948, with Pakistan Militia declared war against Kashmir. To tide over the situation, on the recommendation of the KUNZRU committee the National Cadet Corps was raised to meet the requirements of a National Emergency on 16 Apr 1948, with the promulgation of "The National Cadet Corps Act 1948". Then Colonel GG Bewoor, later the Chief of Army Staff, took over as the first Director General of NCC, with cadet strength of 45000 cadets.
6. The Air wing of the NCC was raised on 01 Apr 50, with a squadron each at Bombay and Calcutta, while the Naval Wing came into existence in Jul 1952, with two part time officers and sixty cadets in Bombay (now Mumbai).
7. In the wake of the Chinese aggression in 1962, a national emergency was declared, and the strength of cadets in the NCC grew to 2,80,000. After the Chinese aggression, an ordinance was passed in Jul 1963 making NCC compulsory for all college going youth, of the age group of 16-25 years. Consequent to the passage of the ordinance the enrolled strength of students as cadets with the NCC grew to almost 28 Lakhs.
8. Presently the NCC has 14 Lakh enrolled cadets, spread in the 17 state Directorates, with 95 Group Headquarters and seven hundred and seventy four units.
2 UP EME COMPANY NCC, IT, BHU
1. The 88 years old, First World War, vintage, NCC unit of today, is an offshoot of the UNIVERSITY TRAINING CORPS, and was raised an 05 Aug 1921, at Banaras Hindu University.
2. The first Commanding Officer Captain Charles A King, was the Principal of Banaras Engineering College (BENCO), who assumed the command of the company on 07 Sep 1923.
3. The unit was disbanded alongwith the UOTC on 15 Jul 1948. On 15 Aug 1948 the unit was re-designated as 3 UP EME Coy, NCC. In February 1964 the unit was called 1 UP EME Coy, NCC and later in April 1978, the unit assumed its present nomenclature of 2 UP EME Coy NCC.
4. The unit has been affiliated with Engineering College, BHU, since its inception. When institute of Technology BHU, Varanasi was established, the unit contained its affiliation. Besides enrolling the BHU, IT students, the unit also enrolls cadets from other affiliated faculties and colleges.
5. The unit is presently Commanded by Lt Col IP Mishra, and has one Associated NCC Officer and a cadet strength of 200 and a Permanent Instructor Staff Comprising of one Junior Commissioned Officer and four NCOs from the Regular Indian Army.
7 UP NAVAL UNIT NCC, BHU
1. The unit was raised in Nov 1964, under Lt Cdr T Rowe. On raising the unit was located in the Ruiya Hostel complex of BHU, with a cadet strength of 200 students from the BHU.
2. Presently 3 Divisions, Comprising of 150 students from BHU and 1 Division of 50 students from PG College, Ghazipur are part of the unit.
3. The unit is authorized two officers from the Indian Navy and four Associate NCC officers, of while three are from the BHU.
4. The unit was adjudged FIRST in the Nau Sena Camp, conducted by the UP Directorate NCC and second in the All India Nau Sainik Camp.