Mahamana's University, the Banaras Hindu University, is no ordinary seat of learning. It was planned with a vision in view. The University is enjoined with the national sentiment. Its contributions to the nation building process are immense. The nation rejoices at its rise towards excellence and sheds tears of sorrow at its failing. Its sonorous kulgeet, composed by Dr. Shanti Swaroop Bhatnagar, portrays beautifully its serene setting, the quality of its  community, its ethos, culture and composition.
Travelling down the memory lane, one gets a vivid glimpse of the Mahamana, a visionary and in the words of the Mahatma, "a prince amongst beggars who begged not for himself but a cause dear to him" toiling with self-less devotion to translate words into deed. One sees a chain of  luminaries stewarding the University as its Vice-Chancellor. Intellectual giants inspiring the students  with their idealism and abounding knowledge and inviting them to drink deep and develop character and horizon.
Mahatma Gandhi has  rightly emphasized Malaviyaji left an imperishable memorial of himself in the Kashi Vishwa Vidyalaya .... to put it on a stable foundation to secure its revolutionary growth, will surely be the most suitable memorial that can be erected by us to the memory of the great patriot". The entire nation has been and shall be in unison with the statement of Gandhiji. The Banaras Hindu University community, nay the nation, was appreciative of the decision taken by the National Government to include BHU as an integral part of national development, after the dawn of freedom, thus recognizing the national importance of the University and the Founder's commitment to this Institution which played and would continue to play a constructive role in the educational, economic and industrial reconstruction and development of the country.
The 19th century India produced intellectual giants in every field who contributed to various facets of renaissance viz. political, cultural, literary and educational. The Indian University Act 1904 permitting establishment of Universities through private funding was a challenge to the national genius of the country.


It was a period when many charismatic personalities appeared on the socio-political horizon of the country, excelling in different areas of life and ideas, to make India politically independent and vibrant, economically productive and viable and socially a cohesive and unified force. Mahamana, Mahatma Gandhi, Jawaharlal Nehru, Rabindra Nath Tagore, Dr. Annie Besant, Lokmanya Tilak, Dr. Radhrakrishna and many others belonged to that galaxy of leaders who were dreamers, visionaries and lovers of mankind.
It is in such atmosphere that Banaras Hindu University was conceived to provide infra structural facilities and manpower capability in various disciplines of scientific and technical knowledge for accelerating the pace of industrial and technological development in an agrarian society.
The campaign launched by the Mahamana, Dr. Annie Besant, Rabindra Nath Tagore, Sir Syed brought about evolution and development of Banaras Hindu University, Aligarh Muslim University, Viswabharti which is a saga of romance and adventure. It seems the entire renaissance in India  flowered in the establishing of the Banaras Hindu University. Thanks to the dynamic personality of Malaviyajee. Gurudev the poet, wrote an essay `Hindu Vishwavidyalaya' and read it at Ripon College, Calcutta in 1911.
When one ponders deeply into this saga, romance and adventure interwoven into the country's struggle for Independence one cannot fail to note that Banaras Hindu University with its Mahamana, drew the best of minds to the BHU, a laboratory for socio-economic transformation. The Mahatma, Gurudev, Dr. Besant, Jawaharlal and many other leaders confluenced and the Mahamana constantly interacted with them on issues such as un touchability, Pashu Bali Nisedh, Science and Technology Policy and many other aspects of reforms.
The Mahamana, Mahatma Gandhi, the Father of the Nation and poet Rabindranath Tagore, fondly called Gurudev, had a common concern and that was the freedom from foreign yoke. In the context of the goal and form of education  these personalities were unbending in their views that the rich cultural heritage should form an integral component of national reconstruction. What is the best in the West has to be suited to the best of India. One cannot fail but to note that all these three leaders converged on the question of taking a holistic view of education for our country. Mahatma Gandhi was an ardent supporter of basic education right from the grass-root, which would facilitate the process of Gram Swaraj. Gurudev Rabindranath Tagore concentrated on comprehensive education with greater focus on cultural, aesthetic and rural reconstruction. Pt Madan Mohan Malaviyaji, the Founder of Banaras Hindu University, drew up a plan to provide education in different areas, to encompass scientific and technological know-how while integrating our traditional knowledge so that the interaction would evolve a unique model not only for freedom from the political bondage but also from the educational bondage. Malaviyaji, therefore, established and developed such diverse disciplines in BHU which had not even found recognition in the West. He also laid the foundation of scientific and technological education so that when India becomes free in the near future these engineers, technologists, scientists and doctors will not have to look to the West for their guidance and sustenance of economic and industrial development in free India. All these three personalities set an example of plain living, high thinking, selfless service and single minded devotion to the cause of India's freedom and nation building.
The main heritage of Banaras Hindu University is its illustrious Founder himself, who even before his passing away pleaded with the numerous luminaries not to take him out of the boundaries of Banaras Hindu University, since he does not wish to attain `moksha' (salvation) and he wanted to be reborn to complete his unfinished task in relation to the nation building in general and Banaras Hindu University in particular. The most devout Hindu of Malaviyaji's stature and convictions who practised and lived upto the great traditions of Sanatana Dharma, declined to attain moksha and preferred not to leave his residence of BHU which is located outside the sacred complex of Panch Koshi road dividing Kashi and Banaras Hindu University. The popular belief of a Hindu is that in case he dies in proper Kashi, inside the sacred complex of Panch Koshi Parikrama is likely to attain moksha. But here was a man who preferred to serve the cause of India's educational reconstruction up to the last breath of his life and beyond and he desired that if possible he would serve BHU and the country even after he was no more. Malaviyaji a four-ti

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